The post independence history of resistances by armed non state actors in Afghanistan is largely traced to the 1979 invasion of Afghanistan by the Soviet Red Army, under the guise of upholding Soviet-Afghan Friendship Treaty signed in 1978. It was such invasion that resonated and engineered the fundamentalist group ‘Mujahideen’-a group most Americans once saw as freedom fighters, after the withdrawal of Soviet Union. The aftermath of such withdrawal saw Afghanistan fell into a civil war that involved two opposition parties-Mujahideen and Taliban who claimed it wanted to reinstall normalcy in Kabul.

The event that saw the takeover, reign and  subsequent triumph by the Taliban in Kabul in 1996 to 2001 affected Afghanistan diplomatically, economically and politically, however, it has also affected the image of the United States of America this time around, and this is due to the manner in which the later country left Afghanistan. When the renegade Union of Soviet Socialist republic USSR left Afghanistan in 1989 a decade after such invasion, the US and her ally jubilated as such. In a time when the world was polarized  and dominated by USSR and USA, the US rejoiced over the failure and subsequent withdrawal of the Soviet Union from Afghanistan. Once again, as it always does, history has repeated itself in Afghanistan, this time around, it is the United States of America and ally that are its victims. Just as the Red Army did, so does the US forces after 20 years and counting.

After years of war, citizens welcomed and braced the rulership of ‘The Taliban’, as they were fed up with the leadership of Mujahideen and their forces who were accused of human rights violations and war crimes in their struggle for identification. And by 1996, the Taliban seized control of the Kabul and hanged the nation’s communist president, Mohammed Najibullah Ahmadzai. It declared Afghanistan an Islamic emirate and started imposing its ultra-conservation interpretation of Islamic law.

In 1999, the United Nations imposed sanctions on Taliban over its links to al-qaeda, which was later blamed for the 9/11 attacks in the US. The US soon invaded Afghanistan on October -7-2001, on the ground that it supports al-qaeda and that was after the Taliban refused to hand over al-Qaeda’s leader, Osama bin Laden, who was said to be hiding in Afghanistan.

Elections were held in Afghanistan after the invasion by US forces, the government led by Taliban was overthrown and overwhelmed Afghani. Hamid Karzai. Was a politician who served as interim President of Afghanistan from 22 December 2001 to 2004 and was later elected the president of the republic. He was re-elected in 2009 and left office in 2014. Karzai was succeeded by President Ashraf Ghani, whose government was overshadowed by the activities of Taliban and the state overran On the 17th of August 2021.

Finally, Kabul was recaptured as were in 1996…years after Soviet forces left Afghanistan..

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